Zanabazar Museum of Fine Art (Sambuu Street, Ulan Bator) – this museum was created to showcase the works of Mongolian artist G. Zanabazar (1635-1724), which include the statues of Sita Tara, the Five Dhayani Buddhas and the Bodhi Stupa. Numerous treasures (from ancient petroglyphs, historical & cultural relics of ancient Mongolian states and empires, and ruins of archaic cities) are on display here. This, along with wonders of Mongolian traditional painting, folk arts and crafts, sculptures, carvings, paintings and embroideries that mirror the artistic and creative thinking of Mongol people until the first half of the 20th century are kept and exhibited on display in this Fine Arts Museum.
This Museum is one of the most visited and favorite venues for the public. The visitors, children and the public enjoy discovering the finest ‘brand’ exhibits and collections, the skillful and gifted Mongolian artists, masters and craftsmen who created those masterpieces and artworks and the unique features and distinguished qualities of these valuable heritages, while visiting the halls of the museum. Admission: 8000₮ (per person). Hours: 10:00 am – 6:00 pm (daily).
Zaisan Memorial – the capital is home to the Zaisan Memorial, a massive and unique monument made of a giant round ring and a tall, thin tower that reaches to the sky and can be seen for miles. The monument was built to honor the lives of Soviet soldiers who died in the second World War and features huge murals depicting the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany and the defeat of Japan during the war, as well as a Soviet tank commemorating the route traveled by brigades leading to the fall of Berlin. Visitors to Ulaanbaatar can climb the 500 steps to the memorial, where they will find the murals, several exhibits, and a very rewarding view.
Winter Palace of the Bogd Khaan (Bogd Javzandamba Street, 15 Khan-Uul District, 17032 Ulan Bator) — the Bogd Khaan Palace Museum Complex, formerly known as the Green Palace, was built between 1893-1903 and served as an official residence of Mongolia’s Theocratic Ruler, the Bogd Khaan, up until his death in 1924, and was from where he reigned over the country and conducted affairs of state and religion. This museum has an array of rare and precious Mongolian items from the 17th to the 20th centuries (from silk artwork, to Tibetan Buddhist paintings known as thangkas, other religious artwork, weapons, furniture, books, and printing blocks).
The Palace’s mere existence is unto itself remarkable, since it survived the systematic destruction of temples & monasteries that took place under the country’s Communist rule in the late 1930s (when that government was hostile toward religious symbols and sites). Admission: 8000₮ (adult); 3,000₮ (student), 1,500₮ (children). Free for children under 5 years old. Hours: 9:00 am – 7:00 pm (daily / April 15 – Sept. 14), 10:00 am – 5:00 pm (Thurs. – Monday / Sept. 15 – April 14). More info at: www.bogdkhaanpalace.mn
Ulaanbaatar City Museum (Peace Avenue, Ulan Bator) – founded in 1956 and housed in a building originally owned by a Russian merchant (and later by the Mongolian Communist government), this museum offers a brief but noteworthy view of the Mongolian capital’s history, as shown in vintage maps and photos. A large painting from 1912 is one of this museum’s more eye-catching items there, since it shows the capital as it was during that year (where major landmarks like Gandan Khiid and the Winter Palace of the Bogd Khan. Admission: 1,500₮ (adult); 1,000₮ (student), 500₮ (children 6-18 years old), free for children under 6 years old. Hours: 8:30 am – 5:30 pm (weekdays); closed on weekends.
National Museum of Mongolia (Chinggis Avenue corner Urt Tsagaan Zam, Ulan Bator) — the National Museum of Mongolia was established after the merger of historical, archeological and ethnographical departments of the State Central Museum and the Museum of the Revolution in 1991. It is now located in the facility built for the Museum of the Revolution, which was founded in 1971.
National Museum of Mongolia is currently recognized as one of the leading museums in the country. A significant responsibility for preserving Mongolian cultural heritage therefore lies with the Museum. National Museum of Mongolia is a cultural, scientific, and educational organization, which is responsible for the collection, care and interpretation of the country’s historical objects. This museum’s permanent exhibits include Mongolia’s prehistoric period, its empire under Genghis Khan and his successors, the country’s domination under the (Chinese) Qing Dynasty, and Mongolia under Communism in the 20th century. Admission: 10000₮ (adult); 2,500₮ (student), 1,000₮ (children). Hours: 9:00 am – 6:00 pm (daily). More info at: http://en.nationalmuseum.mn
Museum of Mongolian Costumes (Olympic Street, Ulan Bator) – this is a private museum which contains a generous collection of traditional Mongolian ethnic costumes, ornaments, everyday utensils, and equipment – items that go back in time. This museum also displays a traditional Mongolian ger (a large tent made of skins or felt, with one door and no windows). Admission: 8,000₮ (per person). Hours: 9:30 am – 6:00 pm (daily).
Mongolian National Art Gallery (Sükhbaatar Sq 3, Central Cultural Palace B, Ulan Bator) — this art museum is a government-supported arts organization which was formed in 1991. Its collection forms the basis for providing aesthetic experiences and art education to the public through Mongolian modern and contemporary artworks.
Since the Mongolian Independence revolution of 1921, the gallery has collected and preserved Mongolian artist’s unique collection of over 4000 Mongolian modern and contemporary paintings, sculptures, prints, installations, crafts and other new forms of art and artifacts which possess originality and a superior Mongolian thematic identity that shows Mongolian artist’s skill, mental fortitude and esprit. Each year, Mongolian National Art Gallery expands and advertises its collection to the locals and international public. Visitors can appreciate unique artworks that depict Mongolian nature, tradition, culture, steppe, lifestyle, Gobi and other beautiful sceneries and contemporary arts.
Mongolian Military Museum (opposite “Ikh Zasag” University, in the east side of Border Protection General Board, General J. Lhagvasuren street-2, Bayanzurkh district, 4th Khoroo, Ulan Bator) – this museum has nearly 8,000 possessions related to the history of the Mongolian army. The museum has 2 halls with more than 3,000 exhibits about the army’s structure and regulations and formations of the countries that were dwelling in the territory of Mongolian from new Stone Age until nowadays. The museum has some “Iraq Freedom” displays from the Mongolian Army contingent that served in that country. One display has shrapnel from a rocket that landed on the Mongolian compound at Diwaniyah. Other impressive exhibits included many bronze-age knives, axe heads, and a large collection of bronze arrow heads. The museum also has two rare examples of Mosin Nagant – Russian sniper rifles.
Khamriin Khiid (Khatanbulag district, Dornogovi Province) — located in the Gobi Desert (6 ½ hours, or 496 km southeast of the capital), this is a monastery complex that was built in the 19th century, and according to Mongolian Buddhists, it is located in the very center of all the spiritual energy in the world. Like many other monasteries in Mongolia, Khamriin Khiid was destroyed during the communist purge in 1937 but was rebuilt in 1990. Visitors to Khamriin Khiid can arrive at dawn with hundreds of worshippers and pilgrims for a taste of the spiritual energy that they believe is strongest at the birth of each new day, and experience the warmth of the Shambala at the center of the complex.
International Intellectual and Puzzle Museum (Bayanzurkh District 13, Neighborhood 2, Peace Avenue 10, Ulan Bator) — the International Intellectual and Puzzle Museum was created by Mongolian inventor Tumen Ulzii, who is known for creating logic puzzles and games for Mongolian youths. Inside the museum, visitors can see thousands of games and puzzles that are traditional to Mongolia and its culture, including some invented by Ulzii himself. Guests can view and even play with Mongolian chess sets, traditional burr puzzles that vary from six pieces up to 350, and even a puzzle that offers a prize of $100,000 if a guest can solve it within a given timeframe. Certain items there resemble the famed 1980s American puzzle toy Rubik’s Cube.
Admission: Admission: 8000₮ (adult & students); 4,000₮ (children). Free for children under 4 years old. Hours: 10:00 am – 6:00 pm (Monday – Saturday). More info at: www.iqmuseum.mn/en/